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Below are example citations in the MLA and APA styles, followed by a list of style manuals that can be found in the Berklee library and links to helpful websites.

Please contact a reference librarian for further assistance in creating a works cited list.


MLA Style Example Citations

Kahn, Ashley. Kind of Blue. New York: Da Capo, 2000. Print.

Anthology/Book Collection:
Burkholder, Peter J. and Claude V. Palisca, eds. Norton Anthology of Western Music. 5th ed. Vol. 1. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2006. Print.

Journal Article from an Online Database:
Takahashi, Takiko. "Long-Term Effects of Music Therapy on Elderly with Moderate/Severe Dementia." Journal of Music Therapy 43.4 (Winter 2006): 317-333. International Index to Music Periodicals. Web. 16 Aug. 2007.

Run-D.M.C. "Walk This Way." Raising Hell. Profile, 1986. CD.

Heavy metal in Baghdad. Dir. Eddy Moretti and Suroosh Alvi. Feat. Acrassicauda. Arts Alliance America, 2008. Film.

Website Sources:
Powers, Ann. “Country’s New Guard Gets Back to Basics.” National Public Radio, 11 August, 2011. Web. 17 August 2011.

APA Style Example Citations

Kahn, A. (2000). Kind of Blue. New York: Da Capo.

Anthology/Book Collection:
Burkholder, P. J., & Palisca, C. V. (Eds.). (2006). Norton Anthology of Western Music (5th ed., Vol. 1). New York: W. W. Norton & Company.

Journal Article from an Online Database:
Takahashi, T. (2006, Winter). Long-Term Effects of Music Therapy on Elderly with Dementia. Journal of Music Therapy, 43(4), 317-333. Retrieved August 16, 2007, from International Index to Music Periodicals database. (00507167)

Run-D.M.C. (1986). Walk this way. On Raising hell [CD]. New York: Profile.

Moretti, E. & Alvi, S. (Producers). (2008). Heavy metal in Baghdad [DVD]. New York: Arts Alliance America.

Website sources:
Powers, A. (2011, August 11). Country’s New Guard Gets Back to Basics. National Public Radio. Retrieved from

Chicago Style Example Citations

Kahn, Ashley. Kind of Blue. New York: Da Capo, 2000.

Anthology/Book Collection:
Burkholder, J. Peter, and Claude V. Palisca, eds. Norton Anthology of Western Music. 5th ed. Vol. 1. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2006.

Journal Article:
Takahashi, Takiko. "Long-Term Effects of Music Therapy on Elderly with Moderate/Severe Dementia." Journal of Music Therapy 43, no. 4 (2006): 317-317-333.

Run-D.M.C. “Walk this way.” Raising hell. Profile, PCD-1217. Compact disc.

Acrassicauda. Heavy metal in Baghdad, DVD. Directed by Eddy Moretti and Suroosh Alvi. New York: Arts Alliance America, 2008.

Website sources:
Powers, Ann. “Country’s New Guard Gets Back to Basics.” National Public Radio, August 11, 2011. (accessed August 17, 2011)

Style Guides

The Chicago Manual of Style 
Reference Z253 .U69 1993  Check Availability
Image:Chicago_manual_of_style.jpg‎ From Publishers Weekly:
"Countless publishing professionals have learned the details of their business from this classic guide for publishers, editors and writers. It's updated every 10 years or so, and the 15th edition is the most extensive revision in decades. The Internet's influence is pervasive, with substantial sections on preparing manuscripts for electronic publishing, editing for online publications and citing electronic sources."
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 
Reference BF76.7.P83 2010  Check Availability
Image:Apabook10.jpg From the publisher:
"In addition to providing clear guidance on grammar, the mechanics of writing, and APA style, the Publication Manual offers an authoritative, easy-to-use reference and citation system and comprehensive coverage of the treatment of numbers, metrication, statistical and mathematical data, tables, and figures for use in writing, reports, or presentation."

MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers by Joseph Gibaldi
Reference LB2369 .G53 2009  Check Availability
Image:MLA_Handbook.jpg‎ From the publisher:
"The MLA Handbook is published by the Modern Language Association, the authority on MLA documentation style. Widely adopted by universities, colleges, and secondary schools, the MLA Handbook gives step-by-step advice on every aspect of writing research papers, from selecting a topic to submitting the completed paper."
APA: The Easy Way! by Peggy M. Houghton and Timothy J. Houghton
BF76.7 .H68 A63 2009  Check Availability
Image:APA-the-easy-way.jpg From the publisher:
This handbook is a quick and simplified guide to the APA writing style. It was developed as a condensed version of the official APA Publication Manual and designed to be utilized as a supplement to the actual guide. The handbook is divided into three parts. Part one focuses on the mechanics of APA format as well as internal text citations; part two emphasizes the actual reference page entries; and part three provides a sample paper.

Research Craft and Methodology

The Craft of Research by Wayne C. Booth, Gregory G. Colomb, and Joseph M. Williams
Reference Q180.55 .M4 B66 2008  Check Availability
Image:The-Craft-of-Research.jpg From the publisher:
The Craft of Research teaches much more than the mechanics of fact gathering: it explains how to approach a research project as an analytical process. The authors chart every stage of research, from finding a topic and generating research questions about it to marshalling evidence, constructing arguments, and writing everything up in a final report that is a model of authority. Their advice is designed for use by both beginners and seasoned practitioners, and for projects from class papers to dissertations.
A Writer's Reference by Diana Hacker
Reserve PE1408 .H277 W75 2006  Check Availability
Image:A_writers_reference.jpg‎ From
"A Writer’s Reference is the most widely adopted college handbook ever published. The new edition is available in a classic version that provides more help with academic writing, serves a wider range of multilingual students, and lends more support for college research — all in an easy-to-use quick-reference format."

Music in Words : a Guide to Researching and Writing about Music by Trevor Herbert
ML3797 .H473 2009  Check Availability
Image:Music-in-Words.jpg From the publisher:
Music in Words is a compact guide to researching and writing about music, addressing all the issues that anyone who writes about music--from students to professional musicians and critics--may confront when putting together anything from brief program notes to a lengthy thesis. The book is a writing guide and a reference manual in one: the first part, a "how to" section, offers a clear explanation of the purpose of music research and how it is to be done. The second part is a compendium of information on style and sources for quick reference. As a whole, the volume gives readers a clear picture of how to write about music at different levels and for different purposes in a handy, thoroughly cross-referenced format.
Writing about Music : an Introductory Guide by Richard J. Wingell
Reference ML3797 .W56 2009  Check Availability
Image:Writing-about-Music.jpg From the publisher:
Focusing on general writing issues as well as special challenges of writing about music, this useful, practical text provides clear, step-by-step explanations of the process of writing a paper based on a musical topic. In addition to coverage of research, organization, drafting and editing, it also includes a thorough section on basic writing skills. The Second Edition has been both expanded and updated to reflect the latest research, resources, references and sylistic conventions.

Recommended Websites

Chicago Manual of Style quick guide online

APA Style website

Diana Hacker (all styles) This is an online edition of Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age

How to Cite Primary Sources from the Library of Congress

Purdue University's Online Writing Lab (OWL)

University of Wisconsin-Madison citation guide

Bibme: Fast & Easy Bibliography Maker "BibMe AutoFills citations for you. Download your MLA, APA, Chicago, or Turabian bibliography in RTF for free"

EasyBib: Free Bibliography Maker*

  • Note that EasyBib is only free to MLA style citations and bibliographies--APA and Chicago formatting require a subscription. However, many of the databases subscribed to by the library offer citation formatting and bibliography storage with the creation of a free personalized account. Please ask a reference librarian for more information!